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教新手司机如何选购机油以及矿物油、半合成/全合成机油的区别

很多车主在更换机油的时候,都会被问道:“请问您是选择全合成机油半合成机油,还是矿物机油呢?”那么这两种机油之间的区别是什么呢? ,,矿物油”到底选哪个?纠结结合?那么究竟什么样的机油才是保养首选呢?

1、什么是矿物油

矿物油基是从原油提炼而得,也就是原油提出了油气,汽油,柴油,煤油,重油之后,接着提炼出矿物油基,最后留底的是沥青。矿物油基颜色透明微带浅琥珀色,就像色拉油的颜色一般。通常矿物机油成本很低,但因矿物油较容易氧化,一般来说,矿物油由于缺少添加剂,所以对于发动机来说效果并不好,但是矿物油的优势在于粘度比较大,并且价格便宜。
半合成与全合成

2、什么是半合成油

半合成机油实际上就是由矿物油,全合成基础油按一定的比例简单勾兑,然后加入适量的添加剂制成的。它的纯度接近全合成机油,不过它的使用成本却高于矿物油,可以说是矿物油与合成油之间的一个“折中油”。
半合成与全合成机油

3、什么是全合成油

所谓全合成机油,其英文为完全合成,它是由人工利用化学方式合成的机油。这种机油在生产过程中,根据使用目的的不同,会使用不同物质的配方。它在润滑性,清洁性,以及修复性方面都有着不错的表现,并且其换油周期延长,对于环境的适应性也更强,但价格也比较贵。
半合成与全合成

正常情况下,矿物机油可以每5000公里或每6个月更换。则,如果你的车辆本身半年位移里程在5000公里以内的话,就可以考虑选择使用矿物机油。在满足发动机润滑及保护的情况下如果在对驾驶感受,动力输出,发动机养护不造成影响或影响很低的情况下,选择便宜的矿物机油就是一个明智的选择。

如果从性能的角度出发:全合成最好。如果从省钱的角度出发,普通矿物油最好。但是从综合角度来说:半合成才是广大工薪阶层他们的最爱。它既有合成机油的特色,又兼顾了经济实惠的特性。
半合成与全合成

理论上来说,什么车都能用全合成油,不过能用并不代表合适用。如果你是高富帅开着高性能车型,建议直接使用全合成机油,因为全合成机油在润滑性,清洁性以及修复性方面都有着不错的表现和适合这类发动机。
半合成与全合成

那么新手如何选购适合自己爱车的机油?

涡轮增压车型建议全合成机油

全合成机油除了润滑效果和清理效果更好之外,对于动力提升也有显著的作用,并且动力衰减也会来得更慢一些,特别是对于涡轮增压车型来说,机油的作用还是非常重要的,不仅能提升动力输出,同时也能降低油耗。

自然吸气车型使用半合成

虽然全合成机油很好,但是由于售价高,所以性价比不高,而半合成机油也已经能够满足对于发动机的润滑和保护效果,所以应用更加广泛,对于一般的自然吸气发动机来说,半合成机油已经完全够用,所以不需要使用全合成机油,当然如果不在乎性价比,也可以使用全合成机油。

老车用矿物油

虽然矿物油对于发动机的润滑和保护效果都不好,但是矿物油的粘性比较大,适合一些年代久远的老车,老车的发动机内部磨损一般都比较严重,相对于提升性能来说,不如保护来得更加重要,而矿物油的油膜比较厚,正好可以防止进一步磨损。

换机油的时间

一般来说,使用矿物油和半合成机油的话,换机油的频率要比使用全合成机油更高一些,因为半合成机油的动力衰减更快一些,大多都在5000公里进行更换,而全合成机油大多都在10000公里进行更换。

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